Glossary all terms 3.1 / Glossary all terms 3.1: I

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An organizational improvement model that serves as a roadmap for initiating, planning, and implementing improvement actions. The IDEAL model is named for the five phases it describes: initiating, diagnosing, establishing, acting, and learning.


impact analysis




incident logging


incident management


incident management tool


incident report


incremental development model


incremental testing


independence of testing




infeasible path
A path that cannot be exercised by any set of possible input values.


informal review


information assurance
Ref: NIST.IR.7298
Measures that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. These measures include providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities.


information security
Ref: NIST.IR.7298
Synonyms: cybersecurity
The protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction in order to provide confidentiality, integrity, and availability.


initiating (IDEAL)
See Also: IDEAL
The phase within the IDEAL model where the groundwork is laid for a successful improvement effort. The initiating phase consists of the activities: set context, build sponsorship and charter infrastructure.




input domain
See Also: domain
The set from which valid input values can be selected.


input value


insider threat
A security threat originating from within the organization, often by an authorized system user.


insourced testing
Testing performed by people who are co-located with the project team but are not fellow employees.




Ref: ISO 9126 . See Also: portability
The capability of the software product to be installed in a specified environment.


installability testing
See Also: portability testing
Testing the installability of a software product.


installation guide


installation wizard
Supplied software on any suitable media, which leads the installer through the installation process. It normally
runs the installation process, provides feedback on installation results, and prompts for options.


The insertion of additional code into the program in order to collect information about program behavior during
execution, e.g., for measuring code coverage.


Synonyms: program instrumenter
A software tool used to carry out instrumentation.


intake test
See Also: smoke test
Synonyms: pretest
A special instance of a smoke test to decide if the component or system is ready for detailed and further testing. An intake test is typically carried out at the start of the test execution phase.




integration testing


interface testing




interoperability testing


intrusion detection system (IDS)
See Also: malware scanning
A system which monitors activities on the 7 layers of the OSI model from network to application level, to detect violations of the security policy.


invalid testing


isolation testing
Testing of individual components in isolation from surrounding components, with surrounding components being simulated by stubs and drivers, if needed.


iterative development model